The dating of old houses mercer

The dating of old houses mercer

Therefore their original garret floors

It seems probable that this latch was preceded by rare cast-iron experiments or improvements, i. Swain, in old houses in England, and in Pennsylvania, dating from the earlier period in question, e. This was made at first by dropping the freshly cut piece, point downward, into a slotted clamp or vise, and then spreading the larger projecting end with a hammer, as in the case of the wrought nail.

These old latches are sometimes decorated, but commonly plain, sometimes home-made and sometimes probably imported. Therefore their original garret floors remained intact and the conclusive evidence of nails used therein, was easiest reached. Because these pointless screws would not start by driving into the wood, penetrate, except by a previous gimlet or brad-aw hole, the pointed wood-screw suddenly and universally superseded them. The wrought nail, no matter what its size, as generally used in house construction, is easily distinguished from the machine-made nails, called cut nails, above re-furred to, and described later. Stamp-Headed Nails After c.

Nails used at the time a house was built are nearly always to be found in the garret floors. Hence, very early machine-made door panels may be found later, in these and other old American cities, to prove the fact. The smith was here furnished, not with a nail rod, but with a strip of plate iron, several feet long, about two and a quarter inches wide, and often about one-eighth of an inch thick. This strip he slid into a cutter, worked at first by hand power, resembling those used by bookbinders to trim books, and not here shown. Albert H, Sonn has seen a curved lift-latch on a library door at Hadham, Conn.

The taper of the cut alone, produced the point, but not the head. When rarely, because of new floors, or L headed cut nails. Door Latches with Straigh Lifts, Before Besides other door fastenings, namely box knob locks, wooden latches, brass latches, German lever latches, boxed or unboxed, knob latches, etc. With this reservation, reasonable certainty was always sought for and often found.

As above stated, the evidence gathered shows that after c. It seems probable that this observation will apply not only to door and shutter panels, but also to wall and furniture panels. This examination of old houses has shown no more remark-able and unlooked-for fact than that the door panels, before c. Wrought nails, as free-hand forged products, vary greatly in style and shape, but the evidence examined has not as yet furnished any definite elate for any of their variations.

Because these pointless screws

The hand-cranked machine, for cutting and heading nails at one operation, patented by Nathan Read of Salem, Mass. Quirked-Ovolo Door Panels, from c. Moreover, the two cut sides of the cut nail show very plainly, minute parallel striations, always absent on the wrought nail, marking the down smear of the cutter. Very few houses appeared to have been raised or broadened. Bertram Gilliland has also found several with scrolled, upturned lifts in the Stebbins House at Deerfield.

StampHeaded Nails After c

But as these latter continued in use for certain purposes often for floors until long after the middle of the nineteenth century, their confused evidence should here be thrown out of consideration. Hinges of this shape and name, i. Machine-Made Door Panels After c.

The wrought nail noThese old latches are sometimes decorated